A. For a kitchen, I would recommend building a simple solar window heater. With the cooking appliances, dishwasher, refrigerator, etc., all of which also generate heat, a solar window heater may provide enough extra heat that your kitchen actually becomes a net energy producer for your house.
A solar window heater works on the principle that hot air naturally rises because it is less dense than cold air. This draws room air in the solar window heater chambers to be warmed without the use of an electric fan. If you can afford a solar cell panel, a 12-volt fan could be attached to the heater.
The basic design concept of a solar window heater is a shallow insulated wooden box with a clear top. The box is mounted in a window and tilts downward so the lower end rests on the ground. The box should be close to the width of the window and can be any length. If you happen to have an old glass storm door or window panes available to use for the top, make the box that width.
A longer solar window heater has more clear top area exposed to the sun, so it captures more solar heat. For any do-it-yourself projects like this, it’s usually best to select dimensions in multiples of 4 feet for best utilization of standard 8-foot lumber, insulation and clear sheeting.
There will need to be a horizontal divider inside the box to create an upper and a lower chamber. The divider should be slightly shorter than the box, creating a gap at the bottom that connects the upper and lower chambers. The divider also functions as the solar collector panel to heat the air inside the box above the divider.
When this box is mounted in the window, the sun shines down through the clear top onto the divider/collector panel. This panel and the air in the upper chamber gets hot and less dense. Since hot air rises, the solar-heated air will flow up the top chamber to the window and out into the kitchen.
This upward air flow draws cool room air into the lower chamber at the window. The cooler air flows down to the gap at the bottom of the divider/collector and up to the top chamber to be heated and directed back into the kitchen. It helps to install small deflector panels on the open window end to keep the already solar-heated air from being drawn back into the heater.
To improve the effectiveness and heat output from the solar window heater, line the inside of the box with foil-faced rigid foam insulation. This reduces heat loss from the room air as it flows in the lower chamber. Face the foil toward the interior and paint it flat black to absorb more solar heat.
Install tight-sealing doors on the open end of the box in the kitchen window, because you must close off the chambers at night. If you do not, the air flow will run in reverse and actually cool your kitchen at night.
Q. We want to lower our electric bills. Our son keeps his computer on 24/7 because he says it will last longer and costs only a couple cents per month. Does a computer use much electricity, and will it last longer if it’s left on all the time?
A. The amount of electricity a computer uses depends upon its type, its age and the number of peripheral components it is powering. If a computer is left on 24/7, newer ones go to “sleep” to draw less electricity, but the still draw some power.
There are moving parts in a hard drive and the fan, so the computer will wear out more quickly the longer it runs. Also, the longer it is on, the chances are greater that a large voltage surge or numerous small ones may harm the computer.
Send inquiries to James Dulley, Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, 6906 Royalgreen Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45244 or visit www.dulley.com.